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Dr. Ashwani Kumar Sachdeva is a trained Oncologist in Chandigarh with over 10 experience in various oncological surgeries. He is also trained in Minimally invasive techniques including Advanced laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery and also has experience in Robotic surgery. 

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Cancer Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Cancer Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

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Cancer Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Cancer is a condition where some of the cells of the body begin to divide uncontrollably and spread into surrounding parts of the body, destroying healthy neighboring tissues. Normally, body cells divide to form new cells to replace old or damaged cells as a natural process. In cancer, new cells begin to form rapidly even when they are not needed. They form growths called tumors. As these new cells continue to divide without stopping, some of these cancer cells break off and through the blood (or lymph) travel to other parts of the body and form new tumors.

Types of Cancer

There are more than 100 types of cancer, usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancers form. In males, the most common cancers are that of lung, prostate, stomach, colon and rectum. In females, the most common cancers are that of breast, colon, rectum, lung and cervix.

Symptoms of Cancer

Cancer is a disease in which there are not many apparent or pronounced symptoms in early stages and this is the reason mostly cancers are detected when they reach a late stage of the disease.

Symptoms vary according to the location, stage and type of the cancer. Few cancer specific symptoms include abnormal lump, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, change in bowel movements, abnormal bleeding or prolonged cough. All these symptoms can also occur due to other health issues as well.

Prevention from Cancer

  • Avoiding known causes of cancer like tobacco use, radiation exposure etc
  • Lifestyle changes
  • A diet low in fat and high in fiber, fruits, and vegetables lowers the risk of certain types of cancers
  • Vaccination against hepatitis B virus and human papillomavirus
  • Screening tests at regular intervals of those who are at higher risk e.g., people who have family history of cancers or who are exposed to ionizing radiations.
  • Regular preventive complete body checkup

Early detection through periodic health checkups is an effective tool in catching cancer in its early stages where it is still at a stage where treatment is effectively possible.

Treatment of Cancer

The treatment depends on the type and stage of the cancer. Treatment includes radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery and target therapy.

Cancer Types, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention Video


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